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International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad

CRC is custodian of the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad (ICG,T), recognised by Bioversity International, CACAONET, and FAO Trust.

The ICG,T is a field genebank consisting 16 cocoa trees per plot planted at a spacing of 1.83m x 1.83m within ~100 acres. In addition to conservation, the ICG,T also hosts research and has irrigation facilities. The following table shows the composition of the ICG,T.

T. cacao (no.) 2400
       - wild (%) 29
       - farmer fields (%) 50
       - breeding lines (%) 6
       - others (%) 15
       - local (%) 7
       - regional (%) 92
       - introduced (%) 1
Other Theobroma spp 4
Related genera (no.) 14
Acquisitions 10 yrs (no.) 270
Genetic erosion 10 yrs (no.) 25
Genebank size (hectares) 40

An irrigation pond connected to a pipe network to distribute water throughout the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad


From the inception of cocoa research in Trinidad and Tobago, the task of assembling the ICG,T has spanned over sixty years of virtually continuous effort. A large part of this success is owed to the cadre of a succession of reputable scientists associated with this historical centre of excellence in cocoa research. For more information on the genetic resources of the ICG,T, please visit the International Cocoa Germplasm Database and the Trinitario Cacao Resource.

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